Page 1 Created with Sketch. Slice 1 Created with Sketch. Slice 1 Created with Sketch.

Home Study
click here to access resources to explore from home
Prefix Practise worth £15
now FREE for a limited time

Contrast


To compare by showing the differences; a clear difference between two things.

Published on: Monday 20th November 2017

CON TRAST

 

Contrast shares both its prefix and its stem with many other words:

contra – against, opposite

sta/stat – standing, setting up (Latin)

 

To show the contrast between two things in an exam, you need to explain clearly in what ways they are different, or opposites.

 

We see contra as a prefix in words such as:

contraception: a method of preventing pregnancy

  contra – against

     cept – taking hold

     tion – act, process, result

 

contraindication – a sign that shows a certain medicine, treatment or course of action should not be taken

contra – against

     indicate – to show, point out

     tion – act, process, result

 

contradict – to say the opposite to someone else, to disagree, to conflict with

contra – against

     dict – speaking

 

contrary – being opposite or opposed to, against

contra – opposite, against

     ary – to do with

 

Counter is an English version of the Latin prefix contra, so words such as counterterrorism, counteract and counterfeit are all linked too.

 

Sta/stat can be a tricky stem to spot in English words as it often changes its form:

 

stable – steady, firm

  sta – standing

     able – able to

 

constitution – a set of laws governing a state or organisation

  con – altogether, completely

     stit/stat – setting up

     tion – act, process, result

 

obstetrics – the science of giving birth

obstetrix – a midwife (Latin)

     ob – in front of

     stet/stat – standing

     ix – female

 

statue – a carved or cast figure of an animal or human

stat – standing

 

stationary – still, not moving

sta – standing

     tion – act, process, result

     ary – to do with, like